The following cost allocation disputes involve an organization (Nursing Care Inc, or NCI) that operates both a nursing home and an apartment building for retirees (retirement home). A single kitchen is used to provide meals to both the nursing home and retirement home. Also, certain labor costs and utilities costs of the kitchen are shared by the two homes. Many of those living in the nurs- ing home are indigent and are on Medicaid. The state Department of Health and Family Services (DHFS) reimburses NCI at Medicaid approved cost reimbursement rates. The Medicaid reimburse- ment rates are based on cost information supplied by the organization, in this case NCI, and are assumed to be accurate; cost allocations are assumed to be reasonable. DHFS has examined the cost report of NCI and has raised the following issues which are now being litigated.